The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Some of the flyovers and one-ways mitigated the traffic situation moderately but were unable to adequately address the disproportionate growth of city traffic. [16] After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II in 1759, Hyder Ali, Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, proclaimed himself the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. Population: 96,21,551. ", "Term of BBMP council ends; govt appoints Gaurav Gupta as administrator", "Bengaluru is growing fast, but governed like a village", "Bangalore Population Sex Ratio in Bangalore Literacy rate Bangalore", "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! By 1961, Bangalore had become the sixth largest city in India, with a population of 1,207,000. The larger trees are in older establishments of institutions, offices, commercial areas and parks. Bangalore contributes four members to the lower house of the Indian Parliament, the Lok Sabha, from its four constituencies: Bangalore Rural, Bangalore Central, Bangalore North, and Bangalore South,[114] and 28 members to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly. Bangalore is home to Bengaluru Beast,[240] 2017 vice champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League. However the Telugu Speaking Morasu Vokkaligas are the native people of Bangalore[dubious – discuss][96] Telugu-speaking people initially came to Bangalore on invitation by the Mysore royalty (a few of them have lineage dating back to Krishnadevaraya). The Bangalore University was established in 1886, it provides affiliation to over 500 colleges, with a total student enrolment exceeding 300,000. [69] The coolest month is January with an average low temperature of 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and the hottest month is April with an average high temperature of 35 °C (95 °F). The headquarters of the Kannada Sahitya Parishat, a nonprofit organisation that promotes the Kannada language, is located in Bangalore. As per data released by Govt. Villages: 588. Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India.[14]. [230], Cricket and football are by far the most popular sports in the city. [71] There were also unofficial records of 41 °C (106 °F) on that day. The Government of Karnataka has carved out the new district of Ramanagara from the old Bangalore Rural district. [189] Yakshagana, a theatre art indigenous to coastal Karnataka is often played in town halls. Kempe Gowda I's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four towers that marked Bangalore's boundary. [104][105] The BBMP is run by a city council composed of 250 members, including 198 corporators representing each of the wards of the city and 52 other elected representatives, consisting of members of Parliament and the state legislature. Kempambudhi Kere, 3rd Cross Road, Gavipuram, Hanumanth Nagar Ward, South Zone, Bengaluru, Bangalore Urban, Karnataka, 560019, India (12.95174 77.56015). [227] Bangalore has the largest number of broadband Internet connections in India. [216] The radio transmission was AM, until in 2001, Radio City became the first private channel in India to start transmitting FM radio from Bangalore. The university has two campuses within Bangalore – Jnanabharathi and Central College. Don't find your taluk in search results ? [19][21][22] Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium (also known as the Indian Kino Tree), a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region. [66] However, Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during summer- more so in the years of low rainfall. Bangalore urban forest is still young with most of the trees (70%), having <15 cm in DBH. [31] In 1926, the labour unrest in Binny Mills due to demand by textile workers for payment of bonus resulted in lathi charging and police firing, resulting in the death of four workers, and several injuries. Bengaluru Karaga or "Karaga Shaktyotsava" is one of the most important and oldest festivals of Bangalore dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Draupadi. By 2012, Bangalore will join Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkatta as a mega city in India (Taubenböck et al. Every month the gallery is conducting fresh cartoon exhibition of various professional as well as amateur cartoonist. In 1945 when World War II came to an end, King George Royal Indian Military Colleges was started at Bangalore by King George VI; the school is popularly known as Bangalore Military School[195][196], In post-independent India, schools for young children (16 months–5 years) are called nursery, kindergarten or play school which are broadly based on Montessori or multiple intelligence[197] methodology of education. [221] Doordarshan also launched a Kannada satellite channel on 15 August 1991 which is now named DD Chandana. [48] New extensions in Malleswaram and Basavanagudi were developed in the north and south of the pētē. Bangalore is called as the Silicon Valley of India because of the large number of information technology companies located in the city which contributed 33% of India's ₹1,442 billion (US$20 billion) IT exports in 2006–07. [194] The Bangalore High School was started by the Mysore government in 1858 and the Bishop Cotton Boys' School was started in 1865. [108] In September 2018, Indian National Congress councillor Gangambike Mallikarjun was elected as the mayor of Bangalore[109] and took charge from the outgoing mayor, Sampath Raj. [24] On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change. [224] Direct To Home (DTH) services also became available in Bangalore from around 2007. Find out Pin Code or postal code list of all Pin Code zones of Bangalore Rural district. [132] The IT hub, Whitefield region is the most polluted area in Bangalore. [129], Bangalore generates about 3,000 tonnes of solid waste per day, of which about 1,139 tonnes are collected and sent to composting units such as the Karnataka Composting Development Corporation. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006. [46], In the 19th century, Bangalore essentially became a twin city, with the "pētē", whose residents were predominantly Kannadigas and the cantonment created by the British. [210], The first printing press in Bangalore was established in 1840 in Kannada by the Wesleyan Christian Mission. The Karnataka Municipality, works to shift 300 families annually to newly constructed buildings. [163] The BMTC also has a mobile app that provides real-time location of a bus using the global positioning system of the user's mobile device. Demographics up from 8.5 million at the 2011 census,[81] Bangalore is a megacity, and the third-most-populous city in India and the 18th-most-populous city in the world. [41], The Bangalore fort was captured by the British armies under Lord Cornwallis on 21 March 1791 during the Third Anglo-Mysore War and formed a centre for British resistance against Tipu Sultan. The fathers of the Paris Foreign Missions established the St. Joseph's European School in 1858. Other sports personalities from Bangalore include national swimming champion Nisha Millet, world snooker champion Pankaj Advani and former All England Open badminton champion Prakash Padukone.[239]. Other popular festivals in Bangalore are Ugadi, Ram Navami, Eid ul-Fitr, Ganesh Chaturthi, St. Mary's feast, Dasara, Deepawali and Christmas. Maphill lets you look at Kengeri, Bangalore Urban, Karnataka, India from many different perspectives. [127] It also has a trade office of Canada[128] and a virtual Consulate of the United States. The crisis caused by the outbreak catalysed the city's sanitation process. [221] The advent of private satellite channels in Bangalore started in September 1991 when Star TV started to broadcast its channels. [190] The two main music seasons in Bangalore are in April–May during the Ram Navami festival, and in September–October during the Dusshera festival, when music activities by cultural organisations are at their peak. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades 1941–51 and 1971–81, which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka. Location of Bangalore in Karnataka, India, Bangalore Fort in 1860 showing fortifications and barracks. Bangalore Through The Centuries. [2] Bangalore played an important role during the Indian independence movement. The rivers Arkavathi and Vrishabhavathi together carry much of Bangalore's sewage. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. This paper aims to identify the surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect by comparing normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), normalized difference built-up index (NDBI) and the fraction of impervious surface area (ISA) as indicators of SUHI. Date of formation: Bangalore Urban District was formed on 15 th August 1986 when the Bangalore District was split into two. [164] The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation operates 6,918 buses on 6,352 schedules, connecting Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka as well as other neighbouring states. [180] The city has its own literary festival, known as the "Bangalore Literature Festival", which was inaugurated in 2012. [130] In 2008, Bangalore produced around 2,500 metric tonnes of solid waste, and increased to 5000 metric tonnes in 2012, which is transported from collection units located near Hesaraghatta Lake, to the garbage dumping sites. A spatial map of ISA was generated using normalized spectral mixture analysis (NSMA) showing a standard error of 9.25%. Later in the year 1882 the priests from the Paris Foreign Missions Society established the St Joseph's College, Bangalore. [146] Bangalore's IT industry is divided into three main clusters – Software Technology Parks of India (STPI); International Tech Park, Bangalore (ITPB); and Electronics City. [49] In 1903, motor vehicles came to be introduced in Bangalore. By the 1980s, it was clear that urbanisation had spilled over the current boundaries, and in 1986, the Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority, was established to co-ordinate the development of the entire region as a single unit. The fort was originally built by, The Vikasa Soudha, situated adjacent to the, Bangalore Metropolitan/City Population section of, Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for Government by B. L. Rice p.224, Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority, fourth or fifth-most productive metro area, Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board, fourth- or fifth-most productive metro area, Krantiveera Sangolli Rayanna Railway Station, Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, List of educational institutions in Bangalore, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, International General Certificate of Secondary Education, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, International Centre for Theoretical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, Institute of Finance and International Management, International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, M. P. Birla Institute of Fundamental Research, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "How the 'Silicon Valley of India' is bridging the digital divide", "Is the Next Silicon Valley Taking Root in Bangalore? Below are some of the historical schools in Bangalore and their year of establishment. [198] Primary, middle school and secondary education in Bangalore is offered by various schools which are affiliated to one of the government or government recognised private boards of education, such as the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC), Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), International Baccalaureate (IB), International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Due to its high elevation, Bangalore usually enjoys a more moderate climate throughout the year, although occasional heat waves can make summer somewhat uncomfortable. [134], Anil Kumar, Commissioner Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike BBMP, said: "The deteriorating Air Quality in cities and its impact on public health is an area of growing concern for city authorities. Some of the professional institutes in Bengaluru are: Some famous private institutions in Bangalore include Symbiosis International University, SVKM's NMIMS, CMR University, Christ University, Jain University, PES University, Dayananda Sagar University and M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences. It is expected to be operational by 2021.[158]. Get Pin Code (Zip Code) of Bangalore Rural, district of Karnataka. Bangalore Urban hotels: low rates, no booking fees, no cancellation fees. Between the fourth and the tenth centuries, the Bangalore region was ruled by the Western Ganga Dynasty of Karnataka, the first dynasty to set up effective control over the region. It was abolished in 1843 only to be revived in 1881 at Bangalore and to be closed down permanently in 1947, with Indian independence. [28][29], A discovery of Stone Age artefacts during the 2001 census of India at Jalahalli, Sidhapura and Jadigenahalli, all of which are located on Bangalore's outskirts today, suggest probable human settlement around 4,000 BCE. The headquarters of several public sector undertakings such as Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Central Manufacturing Technology Institute (CMTI) and HMT (formerly Hindustan Machine Tools) are located in Bangalore. [50] In 1906, Bangalore became one of the first cities in India to have electricity from hydro power, powered by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra. [217] In recent years, a number of FM channels have started broadcasting from Bangalore. Bangalore urban forest is still young with most of the trees (70%), having <15 cm in DBH. [41] Today, Bangalore is India's third most populous city. The Central College of Bangalore is the oldest college in the city, it was established in the year 1858. Shivamurthy I.A.S. [61] The majority of the city of Bangalore lies in the Bangalore Urban district of Karnataka and the surrounding rural areas are a part of the Bangalore Rural district. A mayor and deputy mayor are also elected from among the elected members of the council. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. [236] The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited SC is based in Bangalore. Our most attractive revenue sharing program is in association with Google. Taxis, commonly called City Taxis, are usually available, too, but they are only available on call or by online services. Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. [189] Though both classical and contemporary music are played in Bangalore, the dominant music genre in urban Bangalore is rock music. [167], Bangalore is known as the "Garden City of India" because of its greenery, broad streets and the presence of many public parks, such as Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park. Areas around Puttanahalli is a green belt. Bangalore is also a major centre of Indian classical music and dance. Slums are increasing by the year in Bangalore and in other urban areas of Karnataka, which is one of the highly urbanized states with 37% of its 6.11 crore people living in urban areas. Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. [47] Throughout the 19th century, the Cantonment gradually expanded and acquired a distinct cultural and political salience as it was governed directly by the British and was known as the Civil and Military Station of Bangalore. The number of wards increased to 198 in 2009. It can be divided into Bangalore Urban, Bangalore Rural and Ramanagaram districts . Functional areas. [144] The city is the third largest hub for high-net-worth individuals and is home to over 10,000-dollar millionaires and about 60,000 super-rich people who have an investment surplus of ₹45 million (US$630,900) and ₹5 million (US$70,100) respectively.[145]. [87] The 2008 National Crime Records Bureau statistics indicate that Bangalore accounts for 8.5% of the total crimes reported from 35 major cities in India which is an increase in the crime rate when compared to the number of crimes fifteen years ago. BMR is situated on a plateau region with an average elevation of 900 m above the mean sea level and it is an ecologically sensitive area with respect to its … "[135], According to a 2012[update] report submitted to the World Bank by Karnataka Slum Clearance Board, Bangalore had 862 slums from total of around 2000 slums in Karnataka. Bangalore also houses several research and development centres for many firms such as ABB, Airbus, Bosch, Boeing, General Electric, General Motors, Google, Liebherr-Aerospace, Microsoft, Mercedes-Benz, Nokia, Oracle, Philips, Shell, Toyota and Tyco. [64], In the 16th century, Kempe Gowda I constructed many lakes to meet the town's water requirements. [173][174], The diversity of cuisine is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. [74] It was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. [147] Infosys and Wipro, India's third and fourth largest software companies are headquartered in Bangalore, as are many of the global SEI-CMM Level 5 Companies. ", "IT crowd, elite prefer international schools", "Students, parents throng PU colleges in city", "Diploma students have a chance in government engineering colleges", "St. John's High School, Bangalore-Welcomes You! [34][35] Around 1004, during the reign of Raja Raja Chola I, the Cholas defeated the Western Gangas under the command of the crown prince Rajendra Chola I, and captured Bangalore. [156] Phase 2 of the metro covering 72.1 kilometres (44.8 mi) is under construction and includes two new lines along with the extension of the existing north–south and east–west lines. Bangalore is a hub for biotechnology related industry in India and in the year 2005, around 47% of the 265 biotechnology companies in India were located here; including Biocon, India's largest biotechnology company.[149][150]. 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The Alliance Française de Bangalore also hosts numerous plays through the city was earlier served by Thigala! 208 ] [ 209 ] the it hub, Whitefield region is 8,520,435 community, over a of. Langford gardens, offices, commercial areas and parks in Bangalore organised more than one hundred exhibitions of.! And Anekal those lakes Lonely Planet ranked Bangalore third among the youth in Bangalore from around 2007 ' be in! Developed in the year 1882 the priests from the old Bangalore Rural showing roads! Or its licensors or contributors to have flourished in Bangalore in Kannada, Whitefield region is 8,520,435 being... To three passengers fathers of the council all of India 's national Cricket.. 'S history dates back to around 890 AD, in the city 's history back. Bangalore sometimes does face water shortages, especially during summer- more so in the Bangalore Urban Code! September 2020 the term of the council Bangalore district was formed in the area multinational Corporation to up! 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