The first step when determining appropriate alternative text for an image is to decide if the image presents content and if the image has a function. 3. Home > Blog > Section 508 Compliance Testing Tools & Checklists. Time limits are permitted, but users must have the ability to adjust them. Each version should be as conformant as possible. Identify input errors by describing the errors. Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1. Traceability to 508. 508 compliance is the law that law-people wrote up to try and begin to set some standards. Start and end tags that are missing a critical character in their formation, such as a closing angle bracket, or a mismatched attribute value quotation mark, are not complete. How to test. Bookmark this guide and refer to it whenever you’re developing new content, websites or digital tools. that conveys content has equivalent alternative text (alt, longdesc, or in the element context). Under Section 508, agencies must provide disabled employees and members of the public access to information that is comparable to access available to others. Frames that contain repetitive content can be used to meet 2.4.1, however, frames are obsolete in HTML5. When a web page is one of a series of web pages presenting a process (i.e., a sequence of steps that need to be completed in order to accomplish an activity), all web pages in the process conform at the specified level or better. (See Understanding accessibility support.). All images must have descriptions. Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. This is by no means a comprehensive guide, but a good starting point. For moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, ALL of the following are true: Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and. Note 2: The alternate version does not need to be matched page for page with the original (e.g., the conforming alternate version may consist of multiple pages). Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose. This usually occurs when external content is embedded within a page. To meet the requirements of a conforming alternate version, it must: Conform to all Level A and AA criteria, and, Provide all of the same information and functionality in the same human language, and, Be as up to date as the non-conforming content, and, The conforming version can be reached from the non-conforming page via an accessibility-supported mechanism, or, The non-conforming version can only be reached from the conforming version, or. Provide adequate labels and instructions to help users accurately complete form fields. Major topics are listed below in alphabetical order. Associate error descriptions with form fields using aria-describedby so that screen reader users know how to fix the problem. Identify the repetitive content on pages and the location of where a skip mechanism should land. Web pages do not contain anything that flashes more than three times in any one second period, or the flash is below the general flash and red flash thresholds. But there’s no way to disassociate the alt text from the image. According to the 508 compliance team, the compliance requirements for a video are: 1. Review W3C's Alt Decision Tree for guidance on how to describe images. Changing the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component. If error is detected immediately when exiting the form, ensure the error notification is keyboard accessible. If the default size of the headings is too big for the look you have in mind, use styles to change the size, rather than jumping down to a lower heading level. Examples of changes in context are: Going to a new page (or anything that would look to a user as if they had moved to a new page), Significantly re-arranging the content of a page. Avoid referring to visual indicators, like "the red button," or "the left-hand side of the page," or "the square box.". The destination or function of each link/button should be clearly explained in the link/button text or programmatically-determined link context. All non-text content that is presented to the user has a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose. For all user interface components (including, but not limited to, form elements, links, and components generated by scripts), the name and role can be programmatically determined; states, properties, and values that can be set by the user can be programmatically set; and notification of changes to these items is available to user agents, including assistive technologies (Level A). There's much more to Section 508 compliance than alternative text. Use instead. Provide a method to display captions for the live event. (a) A text equivalent for every non -text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or (Level A). All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user's movement and not just the endpoints. Arrange for a caption provider to caption live events. Background images should generally have no alt text, other decorative images should only have alt text if they form a crucial part of the content, message, and purpose of the document), If the image contains meaningful text, ensure all of the text is replicated, For logos, the alternative text should be the organization name, For groups of logos, one logo can be chosen to represent the group, Sometimes text is included as part of a logo or footer image (e.g. It does not move the keyboard focus. 508 STANDARD PASS FAIL (a) A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content). Provide a clearly named to control (like a button) to initiate such changes. The user cannot navigate out of the dialog by just tabbing, and screen reader users cannot use keyboard shortcuts to access semantic elements (headings, landmarks, form elements, etc.) Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Alternatively, you can include the same information conveyed by the image within the body of the document, providing the images as an alternate to the text. For this document, we are going to use Adobe Acrobat 10. How to Create 508 Compliant Microsoft PowerPoint Presentations. Components that have the same functionality within a set of web pages are identified consistently. This requirement covers both links and buttons. Note 5: The conforming alternative version does not need to reside within the scope of conformance, or even on the same website, as long as it is as freely available as the non-conforming version. Best approach is to return to the authoring file and fix it there. Provide a description of the error that includes the location of the error. Watch video (1:12 mins) Check whether alternate text has been used and is appropriate / sufficient. Don't use javascript to perform a function that changes the page's context on the focus event (onfocus). A search function to help users find content, Linking to all of the pages on the site from the home page. How to test. Guide to Accessible Web Design & Development, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), H71: Providing a description for groups of form controls using fieldset and legend elements, H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements, W3C’s HTML Accessibility API Mappings (HTML-AAM) for images, Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. Review ARIA tooltip example. Conformance (and conformance level) is for full web page(s) only, and cannot be achieved if part of a web page is excluded. In content implemented using markup languages, elements have complete start and end tags, elements are nested according to their specifications, elements do not contain duplicate attributes, and any IDs are unique, except where the specifications allow these features. If your image contains information or represents something meaningful, determine the message the image conveys and write a short, concise text … 508 compliance is the same as accessibility. Click on a topic name to jump to that topic for an explanation of the WCAG requirements (also known as Success Criteria) related to that topic. Auto-updates to content must be user configurable. If tables are used for layout purposes, add role="presentation" and do not use structural elements like and table summaries. 3. For each element a user encounters, they need to know: State (e.g., checked/unchecked, expanded/collapsed, selected/unselected). Refer to Requirement 5 - Non-Interference to learn more. One approach is to imagine you are describing the image to a person over the phone, Ensure that you still provide concise alternative text to help readers decide if they are interested in the longer description. Tip: How to use “Alert” versus “Alert Dialog”. Do not use ONLY color to indicate errors, such as a red outline around the field. Where ICT displays video with synchronized audio, ICT shall provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions. Section 508 requires that all charts and graphics be tagged with Alternative Text – often referred to as Alt Text. In part, this may involve configuration of the authoring application's Tag management (e.g., PDFMaker). Select a CAPTCHA that does not rely on images. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Set error/success message container to tabindex="-1". Incidental: Text or images of text that are part of an inactive user interface component, that are pure decoration, that are not visible to anyone, or that are part of a picture that contains significant other visual content, have no contrast requirement. When title is provided with alt, aria-labelledby, or aria-label, the value of title is computed as the accessible description. It is just as easy to build a 508 compliant document as it is to create a non-compliant one. Use a slightly darker red, like #E60000 for standard font sizes. Repeated content on multiple pages must be in a consistent order across the pages. An alternative for time-based media or audio description of the prerecorded video content is provided for synchronized media, except when the media is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such. Associate multimedia files to caption files; label as captioned version. Acrobat 10 is the most widely used program for testing throughout FEMA. Provide suggestions on how to correct an error if known fixes are available. FEMA has a list of the testers on th e Intranet. Similarly, label buttons so that their function is clear. This issue is a violation of Section 508 and WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1. If your form is of the covered type, choose from the available options (Reversible, Checked, Confirmed) to meet this requirement. Review WebAIM captions for a description. page content in alt text-508. Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. **Please see 1.2.5 (below) for Section 508 conformance guidance, which requires audio description.**. that are outside of the dialog. Provide audio description track for time-based media. Do not use heading tags

through

for non-heading content. If you’re reading this article, I’m guessing you have at least some awareness of what alt text is for and how it’s used. Provide a clearly named control, such as a button, to initiate such changes. WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1 D3 Guaranteed Compliance: Section 508 ADA PDF Remediation Services. We are introducing two new improvements to make it easier for people with visual impairments to use Instagram. If you are developing a course under an old contract and you are not required to develop your course in the LCMS, follow the requirements … Provide alternative text or descriptions for non-decorative images, images within a link, form fields, and other interface elements. 1. The resources in this section were developed by the Accessible Electronic Documents Community of Practice (AED COP). Refer to WebAIM’s Using Headings for Content Structure. Best Practice: Do not have content that flashes. Requirements for 508 compliance. Provide a descriptive link to a text transcript or the audio track (for silent video/animation content) immediately after the audio-only or video-only content. Automatic changes should not be initiated when a component receives focus. Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. Use the Tags panel to add alternate text for images in the PDF. Otherwise, the focus will be lost, effectively sending the focus back to the top of the Document Object Model (DOM). Navigation mechanisms can be any repeated information on pages and are not limited to links and menus. In addition, the web page as a whole continues to meet the conformance requirements under each of the following conditions: When any technology that is not relied upon is turned on in a user agent, When any technology that is not relied upon is turned off in a user agent, and, When any technology that is not relied upon is not supported by a user agent. Best Practice: Do not use content that automatically moves, blinks, or scrolls. Alternative Text is Incorrect: The alt text of an image or the text alternative of a visual element does not convey the same information obtained visually. Note 6: Alternate versions should not be confused with supplemental content, which support the original page and enhance comprehension. Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media. A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple web pages. Container to tabindex= '' -1 '' container to tabindex= '' 0 '' limit longer... 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Or other non-textual content or purpose the non-conforming version can only be reached a... Most widely used program for testing throughout fema > Blog > Section 508 requires that all and... Use screen readersto access websites, apps, and is appropriate / sufficient a form field is. Not obvious, provide it for the developer ( s ) the name for a video are:.. ( like a regular dialog, but the wording is very vague each language offered set! The design onchange event on a form field error is detected immediately when the! Or aria-label, the compliance requirements for a caption provider to caption ;. Issue is a violation of Section 508 Guidelines this page contains several rules and Guidelines that be! Caption or alternate text has been added to data tables for Accessibility is, n't! Keyboard operable user interface has a series of pages that are repeated on pages!

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