The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. As a writer, Mr. Chesterton, put it: "Those awful keys." Irenaeus also provides the first explicit witness to a four-fold gospel canon. [The makers of the popes list invertingly identified the martyred with the emperor they were martyred under, like they did with Peter & Nero (see chapter on the 1st pope).] But is it necessary to be exact about popes of whom we know so little? Neander, Dogmengesch., i. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. St. Irenaeus’ list agrees with Pope Leo’s list with the exception of Pope Anacletus [100-112AD] whose name is missing from Irenaeus’ 2nd century list. The oldest list of Roman bishops was provided by the father of the Church, Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon, in his work Adversus Haereses, roughly between the years 180 and 185. In Book III, Chapter III.3, Irenaeus lists the popes in power up until his lifetime (this information is also published in the Annuaria Pontifico , a yearly publication of the Roman Catholic Church that details all officials in the Holy See. St. Irenaeus' list agrees with Pope Leo's list with the exception of Pope Anacletus [100-112 AD] whose name is missing from Irenaeus' 2 nd century list. We can accept the list of Irenaeus — Linus, Anacletus, Clement, Evaristus, Alexander, Xystus, Telesphorus, Hyginus, Pius, and Anicetus. There is every reason to regard these differences as due to the errors of copyists. List Of Popes Wikipedia | en.wikipedia.org. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. Pope Clement I (Latin: Clemens Romanus; Greek: Κλήμης Ῥώμης; died 99), also known as Saint Clement of Rome, is listed by Irenaeus and Tertullian as Bishop of Rome, holding office from 88 to his death in 99. Contents Introduction Early Christians and the Roman Empire The Middle Ages Renaissance and Reformation The Modern Era Pope Francis, who succeeded Benedict XVI after his surprise resignation in March 2013 is the 266th person to occupy the office said to have first been held by St. Peter, a humble fisherman who became a disciple of Christ and, eventually, the man Jesus described This chronological list of popes corresponds to that given in the Annuario Pontificio under the heading «I Sommi Pontefici Romani» (The Supreme Pontiffs of Rome), excluding those that are explicitly indicated as antipopes. Church written in the early 4th century in which Eusebius records a list of the first 12 Popes / Bishops of Rome from a list composed by St. Irenaeus in the 2nd century AD. Biography: St. Irenaeus of Lyons (130-202 A.D.). The Popes, in chronological order. The list of popes is identical with that of Irenaeus, save that Anacletus is doubled into Cletus and Anacletus, while Clement appears before, instead of after, these two names. But it is more than the negative critique suggested by its title. According to the earliest list of the popes, given by Irenaeus (Against Heresies II.31; cf. St Alexander I. b. Rome. In papal catalogues of the second century used by Irenaeus and Hippolytus, he appears as the fourth successor of St. All popes are considered symbolic descendants of Peter and are thought to hold Peter's Chair Since then, there have been more than 260 occupants of the papal office. He is considered to be the first Apostolic Father of the Church, one of the three chief ones together with Polycarp and Ignatius of Antioch. There is every reason to regard; these differences as due to the errors of copyists. They even have a list of popes [The List of Popes]. Saint Irenaeus of Sirmium (died 304 AD) was bishop of Sirmium in Pannonia, which is now Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia. There is every reason to regard; these differences as due to the errors of copyists. ... (Zahn represents Marcellus as essentially orthodox and agreed with Irenaeus, but as seeking to gain a more simple and satisfactory conception of the truth from the Bible than the theology of the age presented. St. Eleutherius was the last of the popes listed in St. Irenaeus’ Adversus haeresis (Against heresy), since it was he who appointed St. Irenaeus as bishop of Lyon, France. The order of Popes Pius and Anicetus has also been interchanged. LIST OF POPES AND EMPERORS . The problem there is that none of those people were born in the first century … And Irenaeus' document is the oldest one claiming a list of Roman leaders. 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