Human Rights Watch interviews with eleven labor rights activists and lawyers in Cambodia, Phnom Penh, November and December 2013. Such measures should women of cambodia include requiring international attire brands to disclose the names of their suppliers and subcontractors.

Human Rights Watch group interviews with workers from factories 47, 10, Kandal and Phnom Penh provinces, November 2013. Human Rights Watch group interviews with employees from factories 5, 10, 15, 30, 35, 40, forty six, 47, 48, fifty seven, fifty eight, November and December 2013, and April 2014; group interviews with staff from factories forty three and 60, Phnom Penh, December 2013 and April 2014. Workers from factories forty three and 60 reported that the factories underwent inspections following which the managers dismissed the children. It was unclear whether the kids in these factories had entry to any remediation.

Cambodian Women’s Empowerment Project Launches With Support From European Union

Adidas representatives said that they were not conscious of any retaliation against staff in Cambodia but cited examples the place Adidas had intervened on behalf of employees the place factories overseas had been threatened with defamation in opposition to employees. Human Rights Watch group interviews with 10 staff, manufacturing unit 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013; two staff, manufacturing facility 46; five staff, manufacturing facility forty seven; and 4 employees, manufacturing facility 48, Kandal province, November 2013. Of the 32 women in the survey who said they experienced sexual harassment, 10 women filed complaints—6 with manufacturing facility administration and four with unions. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with employees from factories 15, 18, 21, Phnom Penh and Kandal provinces, November and December 2013.

The basic precept that companies have a duty to respect worker rights has acquired widespread worldwide recognition. States are free to prescribe authorized formalities for establishing unions, but they cannot abuse this freedom by prescribing formalities that impair elementary labor rights ensures. Where the employer must terminate employees because of reasons of “economic, technological, structural or comparable nature,” these ought to be made according to pre-outlined criteria that issue within the curiosity of the employees as well as the manufacturing unit. Cambodia’s Arbitration Council has instead held that pregnant women workers have the onus of proving such discrimination.

Human Rights Watch group interview with Lay Thida and 5 different employees, manufacturing unit 5, Kandal province, November 23, 2013. Workers from manufacturing unit 5 reported comparable threats to staff, forcing them to work. Human Rights Watch interview with Kong Chantha , manufacturing facility 9, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with three staff, manufacturing unit 32, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013. Human Rights Watch interview with Khum Rachana and nine different employees, factory 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with three workers, manufacturing unit 49, Kampong Speu, December 1, 2013.

Enhancing Better Factories Cambodia

Made In Cambodia: How Women In Poverty Are Supplying America’s Market For Hair

Workers might negotiate cheap accommodation utilizing collecting bargaining agreements but this is dependent upon whether or not the manufacturing unit has a union and the union truly represents worker interests. Human Rights Watch group interview with Chhau San and eight different employees, manufacturing facility 15, Kandal province, November 24, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interviews with workers from factory 21, 31, forty three, Phnom Penh, Kandal, and Kampong Speu provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with 11 staff, factory 43, Phnom Penh, April 1, 2014.

Human Rights Watch group interview with Lay Thida and 5 different workers, manufacturing facility 5, Kandal province, November 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with three staff, manufacturing facility 32, Phnom Penh, November 29, 2013. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with employees from manufacturing facility three, 5, sixteen, 18, forty nine, Phnom Penh and Kampong Speu province, November 2013. See, for instance, Human Rights Watch group interviews with workers from factories 18, 29, and 38, Phnom Penh, November and December 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with Thach Sophal and 9 different staff, manufacturing facility 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013.

Clampdown On Independent Unions

Human Rights Watch group interview with nine staff, factory code withheld to guard staff, Phnom Penh, November 29, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with workers from factories 18, fifty seven, and sixty six, Phnom Penh and another undisclosed location, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with 10 workers, factory 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013.

Human Rights Watch group interview with 12 male employees, factory four, location withheld, November 20, 2013. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with workers from factories 1, 2, three, four, 5, 9, 15, 19, 21, 26, 27, 31, 32, 35, 37, forty one, forty four, forty nine, 50, fifty three, fifty five, fifty six, 60, 61, 64, Phnom Penh, Kandal, and Kampong Speu provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014.

Human Rights Watch acquired anecdotal testimony of employee faintings because of poor vitamin and exhaustion. Human Rights Watch group interview with Cheoun Thea from factory 19; Kum Chanthy from manufacturing facility 20, Phnom Penh, December 5, 2013; workers from manufacturing unit fifty seven, location withheld, December 3, 2014. Human Rights Watch interview with Puoch Sopheap , factory sixteen, November 16, 2013.

Human Rights Watch group interviews with employees from factories 15, fifty seven, and 60, Phnom Penh and different undisclosed locations, November and December 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with 9 workers, manufacturing facility 15, location withheld, November 24, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with Nov Aem and 4 other employees, manufacturing facility forty, Phnom Penh, December 6, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with seven staff, factory 57, location withheld, December 3, 2014; group interview with six employees, manufacturing unit 58, location withheld, December 4, 2013. For instance, Human Rights Watch group interviews with staff from factories 3, 15, 30, 60, Phnom Penh and Kandal provinces, November and December 2013. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with workers from factories 4, 19, 20, 29, 31, and 66, Phnom Penh and other provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. The newest BFC synthesis report states the discrimination towards male workers has become an growing drawback.

Human Rights Watch group interviews with three workers, manufacturing facility 36; 5 workers, manufacturing unit 38, Phnom Penh, November 28, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interviews with three workers, factory 36; three workers, manufacturing unit 29; two staff, manufacturing facility 28; 5 workers, manufacturing unit 38, two workers, manufacturing facility 37, Phnom Penh, November 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with six staff, factory 33, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with Heng Sonita and Sok Chanthy , factory 27, Phnom Penh, November 24, 2013. Heng Sonita and Sok Chanthy described that they typically did overtime work until 9 p.m. and staff had been solely allowed a break in the event that they have been so exhausted that they felt faint.

Similarly, in September 2014, Adidas representatives told Human Rights Watch that they had bought BFC reviews for their suppliers the place recent ones have been obtainable and coincided with their auditing cycles. Adidas representatives advised Human Rights Watch that they have been reexamining their monitoring mechanism to increase purchase of BFC reports to licensee factories and to purchase extra BFC factory monitoring reviews in general. Ministry of Commerce can revoke the export license if the manufacturing facility continues to violate labor laws. David Welsh, from the international labor rights group Solidarity Center, mentioned that this was one of many few factors on which labor advocates and GMAC agreed. Another way by which BFC might help improve supply chain transparency and the accountability of worldwide attire manufacturers is by reporting on the labels being produced in the factories it has visited.

In this report, “baby” and “kids” are used to refer to anyone beneath the age of 18, according to usage underneath worldwide legislation. The time period “youngster labor,” consistent with International Labour Organization requirements, is used to check with work performed by kids below the minimum age of employment or kids underneath age 18 engaged in hazardous work. Human Rights Watch group interview with two staff, factory 26, Phnom Penh, date withheld. Human Rights Watch group interview with Tola Sovann and 11 different male staff, factory 4, location withheld, November 20, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with 10 employees , factory sixty six, Phnom Penh, April 1, 2014. Human Rights Watch group interviews with workers from 5 subcontractor factories in Kandal province, November 2013.

Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with employees from factories 1, three, 7, 9, 21, 32, 34, 40, forty three, forty six, forty nine, fifty one, 60, and sixty eight, Phnom Penh and other provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with 12 staff, manufacturing unit 21, Phnom Penh, April 2, 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with Chhau San and eight different workers, manufacturing unit 15, location withheld, November 24, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with That Senai and eight different workers, manufacturing facility code withheld, Phnom Penh, November 29, 2013.