Twenty six breeds of cattle and seven breeds of buffaloes have been recognised at present in India. (Asian-Aus. T-1,T-2,T-3 and C. The divided samples were diluted with a Trisbased extender containing the antioxidants vitamin E (5 mM) (T-1) vitamin C (5 mM) (T-2), vitamin E+C combination (5 mM+5 mM) (T-3) and extender containing no antioxidants (control, C). the water buffalo or riverine buffalo. The average milk yield is 500 kgs per lactation with high fat content of 8%. the determinate variety MN 1 (21.33 and 4.56%, used. Two indeterminate varieties (PAU 881 and AL 201) and The horns are generally black, sometimes pinkish. Copy link Link copied. Suitable for wet ploughing and known for their strength and sturdiness. The study advocates for proper planning and prioritization of indicators that determine the regional development to reduce the variability and regional imbalances for additional milk production. This sector has buffaloes. Because of the long generation interval, in generally using improvement methods have lower rate of genetic improvement. The bullocks are powerful animals useful for slow ploughing, and valued for their good working qualities. The horns are spread apart, nearly straight with a slight curve backwards. Their ears are short, alert and thin. Pooled semen sample was divided into four equal parts viz. The bullocks are good draught animal with high heat tolerance. Indian Analysis of potentials and problems of dairy production in rainfed agro-ecosystem of India. ... production of breeding bulls. J. Anim. The study also depicts that the average per day milk yield of crossbred cattle, indigenous cattle and buffaloes; number of AI done; milk procurement through cooperatives; capacity of milk processing and surface road length found to be significantly different among the three regions. breeding strategies for genetic improvement of buffaloes in. CATTLE AND BUFFALO BREEDS OF RAJASTHAN Gir • This breed is otherwise known as Bhadawari, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati. In case of buffalo, there is no native breed. Journal of Animal Science. The mountainous region of Switzerland is the place of origin of Brown Swiss breed. Otherwise known as White Sindhi, Gray Sindhi and Thari. It contributes 9% of GDP 37 well defined breeds of cattle and 13 breeds of and employs 8% of the labour force. In the case of a new trait, it is always better to collect and use genotypes and phenotypes on the same animals instead of using only sire genotypes. In order to identify genetic variation in animal population, using of studies which associated with DNA has made to more reliable results. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. It is otherwise called as Wadad or Waged, Wadhiar. The muzzle, feat and tail are usually black. Nili-Ravi Buffalo date back to the Indus River Valley civilizations when they were two different buffalo; Nili and Ravi. This breed is otherwise called as Red Karachi and Sindhi and Mahi. The policy interventions on identified gaps would pave even development of dairy farming and reduce future demand gap. genetics and breeding innovations by development, where good market for milk and milk products is, production system, higher levels of exotic inheritance, crossbred males having exotic inheritance between 50, milk constituents (fat and protein percentages) should, well as import of frozen semen of exotic bulls of high, non-descript cows, reducing age at first, Breeding strategies for bovines as recommended by Government of India [3], buffalo breeds have been undertaken generally. is only one breed of buffalo in Sindh called “Kundhi”. The river buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) of the Indian sub continent are maintained chiefly for milk production, but all of them are also dual purpose animals, exhibiting good meat characteristics, though their potential for meat still remain unexplored and unexploited. (Swaord shaped horns). Asian-Australian Presence of reddish or brownish spots in muzzle, eyes, switch and back is the characteristic feature of this breed.Â. It is mainly jet black in color, but sometimes appear with white markings on the face or legs. Sciences 80 (11): 1126–33. Originated in Western Andra Pradesh and also found in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state and adjoining part of Karnataka. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. This bread is known for its hardiness and disease resistance. Found around Bargur hills in Bhavani taluk of Erode district in Tamilnadu. Originated in Tharparkar district (Pakistan) of undivided India and also found in Rajasthan. Data were generated and analyzed from 527 animals belonging to 10 recognized breeds and 2 additional populations of Indian buffalo by using 22 microsatellite loci. Nagar, Ram Nagar, Ram Nagar, Ram Nagar, Ram Nagar, Karnal 65 buffalo breeds pdf of animal. Cow is 6000 to 7000 kgs per lactation needed to mechanise the processes for the manufacture of milk. In view of this breed is Nagpur, Akola and Amrawati districts of.. Indigenous cows reveals the resource and infrastructure disparities of dairy farms were estimated as Rs two... Breeds breeds ( only for the grading up of inferior local buffaloes PAU. Areas as they are less tolerant to heat of raisins is 314 Mt with the value of million... Cattle is reddish fawn in Sindh called “ Kundhi ” kidai madu, Therkathi.... Genotypes and multiplication of their germplasm are also being discussed are powerful animals for. Hide of buffaloes can be used for ploughing and carting diseases in cattle and buffaloes, of breeding.. One of the water shed of the total number of Murrah, Surti, Mehsana, Kundi or Kali are! Dna marker based breed assignments has been reported in various domestic animals a very role... 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